Paris Conference Post 4

Today was very busy for us.  It was the day of the UK SIG meeting and lunch and the GerSIG meeting and lunch. For those that don’t know, SIG stands for Special Interest Group, of which there are a great many at the conference.  They cover not just UK (United Kingdom) and Germany (Ger) but Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine, Bessarabia, Canada, Belarus, France, Alsace & Lorraine, Hungary, Galicia, Latvia, Austria Czech, Romania, South Africa and many other places.  At the SIG meetings and lunches people who have research interests in the particular area receive updates on the activities of the SIG and presentations on relevant topics.  For the UK SIG I gave an update on the Jewish Community and Records UK website ( explained the usefulness of the community pages on the website to find out more about the locality and associated records and data.  The JCR-UK discussion list ( was promoted as a good place to post questions about finding family.  We also discussed other useful sites such as Cemetery Scribes ( and British-Jewry ( as ways of finding information or asking questions.  As part of the UK-SIG meeting, I had the privilege of presenting two JGSGB members with their Roll of Honour scrolls.  The members were both from Scotland, Michael Tobias and Harvey Kaplan.  Michael has been instrumental in the development of the JewishGen databases and website amongst many other things and Harvey has been one of the principal key people involved in the development of the Scottish Jewish Archives (

The UK-SIG meeting was followed by a paid for lunch and presentation on immigration to the UK by Dr Nicholas Evans, one of (if not) the most knowledgeable people on the subject in the UK.  As ever he presented information about many under-used resources and explained the migration process, including the fact that people often returned back to their homeland for visits or on a permanent basis.  We had a very good turnout for the UK-SIG meeting and for the lunch, with people from the USA, Canada, Australia and of course the UK.

The SIGs and the Birds of a Feather (BOF) are for most attendees major highlights of the conference and help them to meet people with the same research interests.

The UK-SIG lunch was followed by the GerSIG meeting, which Jeanette Rosenberg chaired along with Roger Lustig.  The SIG members were told about new developments and also reminded about the many different activities of the SIG.

Following on from the SIG meetings there was a sequence of UK-related lectures.  The first was delivered by Jeanette on UK Newspapers as a resource for genealogy research.  The benefits of using newspapers for research cannot be under-estimated and the UK is blessed with many thousands of historical newspapers that contain information about Jewish people, from the national dailies through to the local parish newspapers and on to specialist journals.  Many titles are now being digitised, which is making them far more accessible to people all over the world.

The final lecture on UK records we attended was given by JGSGB member Daniel Morgan-Thomas on records relating to deaths in the UK.  Daniel explained about death cerificates in England and Wales and finding graves, wills and other related records.  Daniel did extremely well in delivering his lecture considering that he is only just 18.

The recent late nights have taken their toll on us and tonight we have made it an early night, though I am finishing this blog post at 11.30 p.m. – better than trying to do it at 1.00 a.m.

So here’s to the next day’s events.

Mark Nicholls

Chairman JGSGB

Paris Conference 3rd Posting

So now the conference has started in earnest and lectures and meetings have taken place during the day and early evening.  The contingent from the UK has grown over the last day or so, with many JGSGB members arriving at the hotel.  It is nice to see so many familiar faces and say hello to them.  The feedback from some of the members has been very positive, with stories of finding useful information from the lectures and more importantly, to my mind, from the networking that is going on.  Chance conversations and overheard discussions are leading to breakthroughs in people’s research.

From a personal perspective, I have been engaged in what might be called management issues and events at the conference.  First event of the day was a round-table presentation from the main European Jewish Genealogy Societies about doing genealogy in each country.  What this showed was that there is little difference between each organisation and how they operated for their members but that there were very large differences in the way that records were accessed in each country.  The Swiss in particular have to deal with extremely high charges to obtain even basic information, whereas records in places such as France were free.

The theme of European genealogy organisations continued into the afternoon session, where I ran the first of the IAJGS Management Seminars.  This was mostly about how to create new Jewish Genealogy Societies in Europe.  We discussed the many issues that faced any new society in Europe, in particular how they faced up to political and cultural difficulties.  There were many contributions from the floor and at the end of the session we had a feeling that it would be possible for some new societies to get started.  There is a definite enthusiasm for having societies in some countries but there is a need for the right level of support to get things off the ground.

I attended a further management session on ethical dilemmas in genealogy.  This covered issues such as recording illegitimate births, divorces, criminal records, and many “skeletons in the closet” situations.  There is never one single answer to the dilemmas, and often no answer at all.  One thing that is clear though is that any one doing genealogy has to be prepared for the chance that they might find out things that could upset them or others.

The evening events were the IAJGS Presidents reception, which is social gathering for the IAJGS Board and the presidents/chairs of the Genealogical Societies attending the conference.  It was a chance to talk with colleagues and find out what was going on in different parts of the world.  The final formal event was the welcoming talk given by David Marwell, Director of the Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York.  David spoke about the museum and also about its association with JewishGen, which he believed would continue for a long time.

Mark Nicholls

Chairman JGSGB

Paris Conference Second Posting

Much to my surprise we have managed to spend more time out of the hotel than at previous conferences, albeit mostly in local restaurants talking to and eating with our conference colleagues.  Despite the conference being in France and with its obvious language differences, the pre-conference activity has been very much the same as other conferences.  We have gathered together in the hotel lobby and talked to our colleagues about genealogy and the expectations from the conference.  My morning was taken up with attending the International Association Board meeting and considering issues such as the future conferences in Boston, Salt Lake City and Israel.  So the Bastille Day celebrations were mostly missed by me but I understand many of the conference attendees did get out and about and see the day’s events.

This afternoon, Saturday 14 July, we registered for the conference and received our conference documentation and the very nice conference bag.  There was the chance to see the final list of attendees and who had come from the UK.  In all there are about 40 delegates from the UK at the conference out of over 700 attendees, it would be nice to have seen more here from the UK.  So far we have either bumped into or seen half the UK attendees.  I hope that they really enjoy the event and get some really useful research ideas from it.  Sunday will be extremely busy for me, with several genealogy management events to attend and one that I will be running on developing Jewish Geneaolgy Societies in Europe.  The events and consequences of the last World War still play a major part in Jewish genealogy and historical studies in Europe and I hope that the sessions will show us whether or not there is a way forward for Jewish genealogy on the ground, especially in the eastern part of continental Europe.

Some of the UK attendees will be staffing a table at the SIGs and BOF (Special Interest Groups and Birds of a Feather) Fair on Sunday afternoon, answering queries about UK research and how JGSGB can help.  We have brought a large number of our JGSGB genealogy guides with us and hope to sell them at the fair and over the week.  These are really useful guides to doing research in the UK, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.  The guides can also be purchased online at

So now it is off to sleep to be ready for a very long and active day.

Mark Nicholls

Chairman JGSGB

Paris International Conference

Well here we are again at and International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies (IAJGS) conference.  This time it is in Paris, France and much closer to our home than Washington DC.  Firstly, the weather, pretty much like London – dull, cloudy, wet and not that warm.  At least we won’t feel that we are missing out on nice weather and sight-seeing while holed up in the conference hotel!

The hotel is the Marriot Rive Gauche and is not too bad.  We arrived yesterday – Thursday and will be here until next Thursday.  The view from our hotel is towards the north and we can just about see Montmartre and the Sacre Coeur Cathedral in the murky distance.  The conference starts in earnest on Sunday but I have an IAJGS Board meeting to attend on Saturday morning – Bastille Day.  Already though the networking and genealogy talking has begun.  We have started to meet up with delegates we know through day-to-day contact and also with others we met at other conferences.  Once you get to go to one or two of these conferences you tend to get to know a lot of people.  Last night we went out to eat with Philip, JGSGB’s Treasurer and with Jeanette’s “DNA Cousin” Doris and her husband Dick.  This may have been the last meal outside the hotel before we return to London, though there are a few local restaurants we might get out to – depending on the weather and how busy we get.

Mark Nicholls

Chairman JGSGB



Are Blogs Worth It?

This may seem to be a bit of strange title for a blog posting but it was prompted by a recent posting by Randy Seaver on his Genea-Musings blog, where he posed the question “Are We Strangers in the Genealogy Land?”  (

Randy’s blog prompted me to respond to him with the following message:

“As the Chairman of a genealogical society I find blogs useful in providing up to the minute information for my members. We have a very active discussion group (last count 467 members) where news of developments in the world of genealogy are posted. These keep members interested in being part of the group. We always quote the source of the information and hope that some of our members look at the sources. We also have our own blog as a means of trying to capture the interest of people who wouldn’t join a society. Blogs, Twitter, Facebook and others are now part of the landscape on which the genealogist/family historian walks. So far from being strangers in the land, I think we are the land. ( ”

I think many blogs act as streamed newsletters, constantly updating their readers about the latest developments in the world of genealogy in a way that static newsletters can’t always do.  Other blogs provide the general thoughts of the author about the world of genealogy and family history, things to get you thinking about researching your family.  The family blogs that exist help people connect with cousins.   Individual blogs may only get a small number of readers but collectively blogs are read by many thousands of people.  Blogs are worth reading, so have a look at a few and see what they offer.

Mark Nicholls, Chairman JGSGB

UK BMD – An Underused BMD Resource

I was recently working on a presentation about resources for tracing migrants to and through the UK and had a look again at the UK BMD website –  .

Like the FreeBMD website – - it is a volunteer project bringing public vital records onto the web.  The main difference with UK BMD is that the transcriptions come from more the detailed records held at some Register Offices rather than the main General Register Office (GRO) indexes.   The transcriptions are available through County BMD projects.  To find a County BMD select the County you are interested in using the sidebar menu of the main website.  Any County BMD project will be listed at the top of the table of websites for the County.  The County BMD records can be searched by surname, year and region within the County.  There are separate searches for Birth, Marriage, Death records.

As said earlier the records are different as they come from local registers and not just the indexes.  This means, say for a marriage, that the transcription will include not only the names but the place of marriage.  The names will also include the groom and the bride for each marriage, even before 1912 when spouses names were first included in the indexes.   As an example, a search on the Lancashire BMD site – - for Cohen for the year 1882 produces 18 results.  For each marriage you can see the place of marriage, mostly Manchester Great Synagogue but also Register Offices and in two cases Churches.  Not all Cohens are Jewish!  The first entry for 1882 is Abraham Cohen to Jane Levinson at Manchester, Great Synagogue.   For anyone who has struggled to find out which is the right record for a Cohen, especially before the indexes included spouses last names, this is an excellent resource.

The birth records on UK BMD are also useful, as sometimes the mother’s maiden name is included in records before September 1911.  For Cohen in Lancashire there are maiden names in maybe 5% of records between 1882 and 1900.  Other Counties have a much higher percentage of mother’s maiden names and some have none.

The death records are very similar to the existing indexes but they do include details of the sub-district.  In the case of Manchester deaths, some are listed as being in Cheetham, which I suppose is not that much of a surprise.

The principal downside to the UK BMD site is that not every county has an individual site, particularly in London and the South East where there are no substantial projects.  The coverage is variable also within counties, not all areas within a county will have records on the system.  Some areas will have birth records but not marriages or deaths included.  Even with these limitations, the UK BMD site and local sites offers a great deal of information not available elsewhere and can help break down brickwalls without having to buy lots of certificates.

As the UK BMD website says “This site provides 2229 links to web sites that offer on-line transcriptions of UK births, marriages, deaths and censuses.  A wide range of other indexes and transcriptions are also available for most counties, these may  include parish records, wills, monumental inscriptions etc.”

Some of the links are to the main paid for websites but most are to smaller free websites.  It is a cornucopia of information, though a lot is not specifically Jewish.

So if you have a chance take a look at UK BMD and see what you can find!

Mark Nicholls

Chairman JGSGB

Who Do You Think You Are? Live Review

The 2012 Who Do You Think You Are? Live show at Olympia is now becoming a bit of a distant memory but it is worth reviewing this year’s show and previous years.  We have now been at several of the shows and have seen how it has developed into biggest fixture in the genealogy and family history world.  JGSGB went to the first ever show and we were quite astounded by the level of interest in Jewish Genealogy.  People came to us with details of an ancestor who was or might have been Jewish, anxious to find out if they were.  Others came with detailed family trees wanting to know how to take things backwards into Europe.  The level of interest in Jewish genealogy at the show did not diminish after the first show.  We have found more and more people visiting our stand each year, with the queries mainly being of the same type.

After the first show, we decided to have tables rather than a big stand, making it easier to afford to attend.  We also now have a set location at the show, which on the face of it doesn’t seem that promising – in a corner away from the majority of other societies and the away from the entrance – however, it is right next to the entrance of one of the main toilets and next to the Pizza Express outlet.  This guarantees a lot of passing traffic!

The JGSGB approach to being at WDYTYA? Live has always been proactive.  We don’t wait for the people visiting our stand to initiate contact, we ask open questions like “do you have any Jewish ancestors?”, “is there any specific area you are looking for ancestors in?”, or simply “can we help you?”.  This approach means that we can help people who have very little idea of where to start with researching Jewish ancestry.  It also gives us an opportunity to sell the benefits of joining JGSGB or buying one of our Jewish Ancestors Guides (  We also provide a lot of verbal information and do on-line searches there and then.  There are lots of funny enquiries, if we had a pound for every time someone asked, in all innocence, “do you think my ancestor was Jewish?  He/she had a a large nose and dark skin.”, we would make a lot of money.  This is something that we might take offence at but the enquirers are very sincere about finding out if they have Jewish roots.  A lot of time is spent letting people down gently by explaining that their ancestor probably wasn’t Jewish, even with a first name like Benjamin or a last name like Isaacs.  Quite a few people go away disappointed at not having Jewish ancestors.  What we are doing is educating people about what makes someone Jewish and how to establish the fact through vital records.

The stand is staffed by JGSGB members on a rota basis.  The volunteers get the chance to use their knowledge and experience to help visitors to our stand.  We also get the opportunity to explore interesting Jewish genealogies, working with the person to find areas that will take their search forward.  It has been very useful for me personally to learn on the spot where to find specific records and useful websites.  It is also an opportunity to be able to use knowledge gained from attending JGSGB educational events and talks and also the International Conferences to help people.

JGSGB manages to recruit about 20 new members at each show and also sell dozens of guides and also other people’s books about Jewish genealogy and history.

There is a lot of work done in preparing for the show, most of it falling on the shoulders of JGSGB Stand Manager, Jeanette Rosenberg, and then the physical setting up, falling a lot on my shoulders and one or two others.  After a few years doing it we now have it down to a fine art!

It is worth the effort, as we cover our costs and make a little profit on top, and more importantly, we get to help so many people.  JGSGB will be at the show again on 2013.  Hope to see you there.

The URL for this post is

Mark Nicholls

Chairman JGSGB

Jews of Cairo

There has been some interest in this subject on JGSGB Discuss.

One of our members is looking into the background of some cousins who were Egyptian Jews living in Cairo and were directly descended from the famous chief rabbi of Baghdad, Rabbi Eliyahu Mani (died 1899). 


Our member is at present trying to find the ketubah of the marriage of Dr. Baruch Mani (personal physician to the King of Egypt), and his first wife, Fortunee Mani. This marriage took place in Cairo probably in The Great Synagogue in 1919.


Would anybody know where the Jewish marriage records, including ketubah records, of Cairo Jewry of that period were kept? And where would one find such records today if indeed they still exist?

The advice so far received is that unfortunately the marriage records in Cairo are now considered the property of the Egyptian state and Jews are not permitted access.  A very sore point…. Yves Fedida <> is the expert on this subject. Also Alain Farhi alain@farhi.orgwho has an extensive genealogical records of Jews from Egypt (Les Fleurs d’Orient website)

The URL for this post is  

Tony Benson – Blog Editor


As has been mentioned before in our blog, one of the many benefits of membership of the JGSGB is JGSGB Discuss. This discussion group is only open to members.

JSGB Discuss was approached by one of our members for help in his research of the Ostroff Family. Martin Korn is trying to fill in some gaps in the Ostroff Family Tree (which had started with Isaac Ostroff who lived in Birzhi, Lithuaniaand now commences with Isaac’s father Judel).

Any information at all that you can give Martin would really be much appreciated. If you are able to assist, please contact him at

Starting from the lower part of the tree and working upwards these are the queries:

1     Rivke OSTROFF (known as ‘Annie’), daughter of Tzvi Hersch Bainish (Benjamin) OSTROFF and Etta BORUCHOWITSCH, was born on 26 March 1889 in Bauska,Latvia. On 2 April 1911 she was resident inMileEndOldTown. She was a Cigarette Maker.  She would have been Martin’s great aunt. He knew all the other 4 siblings of his grandmother (not Rev Isaac OSTROFF who died in 1933). Martin asks for details of marriage, children and further descendants.

2     Tzvi Hersch Bainish (Benjamin) OSTROFF, son of Isaac OSTROFF, was born in 1854 in Birzhi, Ponevezh district, Kovno province,Lithuania. He married Etta BORUCHOWITSCH on 26 March 1875 in Bauska, Latvia.In 1910 he was resident in Bauska. He was a Peddler and flax producer. He died inRussia.

His brother was Theodore (Tanchum Leib) OSTROFF son of Isaac OSTROFF, born in 1862 in Bauska.  He was a Rabbi. On 2 April 1911 he was resident in Mile End Old Town, London. He married Gertrude Rifka Gittel FREEDMAN in Bauska. He died on 13 September 1930 in Jerusalem. He was buried on the Mount of Olives, Jerusalem.

The Latvian State Archives show that Tzvi Hersch Bainish OSTROFF and Theodore (Tanchum Leib)OSTROFF had a sister, Rocha (Rochel)-Jenta OSTROV, born in 1859 in Birzhi. She married Raphel- Beines OSTROV on 18 September 1879 in Riga,Latvia. They appeared in the census in 1887 in Birzhi.

Raphel-Beines OSTROV, son of Mowscha OSTROV and Shora OSTROV , was born in 1855 (approx) in Ponevezh district, Kovno province, Lithuania. He was a Shoemaker. He and Rocha (Rochel)-Jenta OSTROV had the following children:

Haja ( – ), Hana ( – ), Shimen David (1889-1890), Khana Pere (1879- ), Movsha Itsyk (1881- ), Iankel (1886-1888), Khaia Gode (1895- ), Shmuel (1894- 1894), Ilia Leib (1899- ) and Ber (1903- ).

Only one grandchild of Rocha (Rochel)-Jenta OSTROV and Raphel-Beines OSTROV has been found in the records, Abram, son of Khane Pere OSTROV. He was born on 10 July 1899 in Kaunas,Lithuania. He died of “unripeness “ on 8 August 1899 in Kaunus. 

Martin is asking for further details of Rocha-Jenta OSTROV and her children and further descendents. Also details of any other siblings of Tzvi Hersch Bainish (Benjamin) OSTROFF and Theodore (Tanchum Leib) OSTROFF and their descendents.

3       Judel OSTROFF was the father of Isaac Ostroff and grandfather of Tzvi Hersch Bainish (Benjamin)OSTROFF, Theodore (Tanchum Leib) OSTROFF and Rocha (Rochel)-Jenta OSTROV.  Martin is asking for further details of any siblings of Judel OSTROFF and their descendants.

Martin and his family would appreciate any information at all which anyone can give them on the three queries raised and also generally with regard to this Ostroff family.

The URL for this post is

Tony Benson – Blog Editor

International Jewish Genealogy Month

I know it’s a long time away, but I thought that I would give it a plug, since our very own Jeanette Rosenberg is involved.

Get ready for International Jewish Genealogy Month (IJGM) during the month of Heshvan which is also known as October 17, 2012 to November 14, 2012!

IJGM is your JGS/Historical Society/SIG/JCC opportunity to have your community focus on Jewish Genealogy and your organization.

This year’s dynamic International Jewish Genealogy Month Committee includes all the members from last year and new additions. Here are the 2012 IJGM Committee members: Carol Shkolnik of Columbus, Ohio; Diane Wainwood or Thousand Oaks, California; Garri Regev of Jerusalem, Israel; Rabbi Garry Gans of Marlton, New Jersey, Howard Morris of Boston, Massachusetts; Janice Sellers of Oakland, California; Jeanette Rosenberg of Edgware Middlesex, United Kingdom and Joanne Clements of Phoenix, Arizona.

If you’re interested in joining the IJGM committee, please contact Nancy Adelson  They are always looking for more great ideas and volunteers who want to help increase community involvement and improve IJGM publicity.

To help promote International Jewish Genealogy Month, IAJGS is continuing the IJGM Poster Contest which has a June 3, 2012 submission due date. More details will be coming in a month. Until then, please visit the IJGM home page at The website will be completely revised soon. However, it still provides a brief introduction to International Jewish Genealogy Month and shows all the past poster winners including the outstanding 2011 winning poster.  

So start thinking of International Jewish Genealogy Month!!! Your autumn programmes are right around the corner.

Tony Benson – Blog Editor


JGSGB in the wider Community

The JGSGB is taking it’s message out to the wider community by taking part in a number of events.

February 24-26
Who Do You Think You Are (WDYTYA) Live takes place at Olympia, London. This is the biggest family history event in the world. Once again the JGSGB will be there. You can find us on stands 141 & 142. For more information go to:


March 18

Jewish Living Expo takes place at Wembley Stadium. This will be a very large communal exhibition with “Everything for everyone Jewish”.  The Expo will cover many different aspects of Jewish life, and will include educational workshops.  JGSGB will be giving a brief talk on genealogy at 5.00 p.m. in one of the Wembley Boxes. 

July 28

Buckinghamshire Family History Society will be holding its Annual Open Day at The Grange School,Wendover Way,Aylesbury,HP21 7NH. This is a free event with something for everyone. The Chiltern Regional Group of the JGSGB has again been invited to take part and is seeking support from three or four more JGSGB members for this entirely enjoyable day. It is an opportunity to gain valuable exposure for the Society and for the Chilterns Regional Group in particular. Anyone willing to help should contact Stan Rose via

Remembering victims of the Holocaust

I’d like to make this personal plea to the Jewish community:


Many of us had relatives who were killed in the Holocaust, and if they were closely related to our parents or grandparents, it’s likely that we always knew the victims’ names and something about them. But our parents and grandparents did not always know the names or fates of their more distant relatives — their second or third cousins, for example. Some of us, through our genealogical searches, have managed to find information about these relatives that our elders never knew.


This is important, because, as most of us know, Yad Vashem, the Israeli Holocaust Museum and Memorial, has been collecting Pages of Testimony about the victims for decades (since 1955), and currently, according to its own website, has about 2.5 million of them. This means that there are several million victims who are still uncommemorated. Some of us who know that our parents or grandparents wrote Pages of Testimony for relatives may not realize that they probably wrote these Pages for their closest relatives only, and not for the more distant ones they didn’t know well or have information about.


I believe that any of us who have found solid information about a Holocaust victim, especially someone only distantly related to us or perhaps not related at all, should check Yad Vashem’s website to see if there is a Page of Testimony for him or her. And if there is not, to write one. We may be rescuing an entire family from fading into oblivion.


This Holocaust Remembrance Day, I urge you to check your research notes on any Holocaust victims, and then check Yad Vashem’s website, and, if necessary, make the effort to write a Page of Testimony for an otherwise unremembered person. It’s the least any of us can do.


The Yad Vashem Central Database of Holocaust Victims’ Names is on:!ut/p/.cmd/cl/.l/en


Guest Blogger – Miriam Bulwar David-Hay,Raanana,Israel.

Genealogy Quality Code

The views expressed in this blog are not necessarily the views of the JGSGB.

If youve looked at the 1851 Database recently, you may have noticed that its acquired a little logo that refers to the Genealogy Quality Code. Whats this, you may wonder? The link takes you to the Codes own website,, and if youre interested in databases, or just data quality, its worth taking a look.

The GQC site takes a clear, but commonsense, position on the standards that people should follow when compiling databases, or copying data from someone elses. Its all about maintaining quality and reliability, they argue. A lot of JGSGB members will have seen wrong data on the web that circulates forever, never to be corrected. Thats the kind of thing the GQC has in its sights.

At the same time, a lot of people would argue that, even if a big genealogy website has a lot of errors on it, this is more than compensated for by the huge amount of good data thats there also. Thats a valid point of view too.

Which side of the line to you come down? Visit the GQC website and offer your views. Its a debate we should all be joining in.

Petra Laidlaw – Guest Blogger

It’s not all Caballeros and Castanets

The JGSGB (Jewish Genealogy Society of Great Britain) is hosting a specially-convened meeting on Thursday 23rd February 2012 – the evening before Who Do You Think You Are Live! – to hear Daniel Horowitz speak on genealogical resources in Latin America (Jewish or not). His review will cover institutions, temples, burial societies, cemeteries, citizenship records, immigration and computer databases that can be used online. The talk will start at 7.30pm at 33 Seymour Place W1 and is free to members. Non-members, who are warmly welcomed, will pay £5 at the door. Entry will be by   advance reservation only, which can be made by email to

Daniel Horowitz is a very experienced genealogist, researcher and lecturer with over twenty years’ experience in the field and whose work has received many awards in Venezuela and in Israel. Now Chief Genealogist at, the online webware and software specialist, his deep understanding of the needs of today’s family history enthusiasts serves the company, its customers, and his audiences well. He also holds a B.Sc. in Computer Engineering.

Tony Benson – Blog Editor


How to prove a fallen soldier is Jewish – an update

I took up the challenge of trying to prove that 10 Jewish soldiers who fell in WW1 were Jewish. For some reason, though they had not proved they were any other denomination, they put crosses on their graves.  My researches have been intensive for the last 4 weeks and ranged from one country to another from military records, censuses, BMDs researching Jewish Communities, and learning how too use my new computer! . I have written hundreds of letters worldwide. I learnt about records I had not realised existed and had the most wonderful help from JGSGB members and their families  throughout the world.  I have now almost completed the first three.

George Norris, I found was Joseph Nossek. After a great deal of genealogical research, I selected the information that as his brother Rueben married before he died and a Marriage Authorisation from the Beth Din, showed his name as a brother.  So I am working on that and trying to contact his relatives who I traced down to the present.


I have sent for the birth certificate for Isaac Coster who was buried in the St. Lazar Cemetery. This should prove he is the son of Benjamin and Sarah Coster who married in Sandys Row Synagogue and whose Marriage Authorisation I got from the London Beth Din.  I also have him in the Census living with his parents and a brother Hyman who was killed a few months before he did. Miraculously there is an Army Enrolment card for his brother on which is handwritten the word “Jewish”. 

With Hubert “Bert” Solomon I have built up a fantastic story ranging fromNew ZealandtoAustraliaand toEnglandwhere he is buried in theRainborooughCemetery.  I am now waiting for the Archivist in the Wellington Synagogue to return from his holiday for a marriage certificate for Hubert’s brother who is named as next of kin on one of his military records and to find out where his parents were married inWellington. I would be delighted if some kind person inWellingtoncould purchase the birth certificate of Hubert and his brother’s marriage certificate. I hope to write an article in greater detail as this has been a wonderful “learning curve”.  The most difficult thing for me, is the accurate keeping of records and sorting out as I get so exited that I scribble things down quickly.  I need a computer literate secretary!

Louise Goldschmidt – Guest Blogger

Lunatics and Imbeciles ???

“Thank you to Amy Sell of Findmypast for the following press release.


The ‘infirmities’ column is released online for the first time, detailing people’s health conditions ‘Lunatic’ and ‘imbecile’ popularly used, reflecting a different kind of society Unusual entries: ‘old age’, ‘voteless’, ‘bald’ and ‘short of cash’

The final, missing column of data from the 1911 census, which details individuals’ infirmities is today released for the very first time and,the family history websites which first launched the 1911 census three years ago in 2009in association with The National Archives.

The infirmity column details wide-ranging descriptions of peoples’ health conditions as perceived and hand-written by the head of the household on the night of Sunday 2 April 1911. Under data protection regulations, this sensitive information has remained closed until now.

A less ‘politically correct’ society

‘Lunatic’, ‘imbecile’ and ‘feeble-minded’ are some of the most commonly used entries reflecting an era before such terminology was deemed unacceptable. The census in fact prompts the respondent to record if a person is ‘totally deaf’, ‘deaf and dumb’, ‘totally blind’, ‘lunatic’, ‘imbecile’ or ‘feeble-minded.’

5 most common ‘infirmities’ recorded in 1911:
1.    Lunatic
2     Feeble-minded
3.    Imbecile
4.    Deaf and dumb
5.    Blind

1911 humour
However, not all the entries are negative or insensitive. The 1911 records also reflect the humour and curious family dynamics from a century ago – not too dissimilar to what we know now in 2012. One extraordinary record details a Mr John Underwood from Hastings recording his children as ‘quarrelsome’, ‘stubborn’, ‘greedy’, ‘vain’ and ‘noisy’. He even records himself as ‘bad-tempered’ and his wife as suffering from a ‘long tongue’.

Another unusual entry is from Thomas Wallace Young, who was described as being ‘bald and toothless’, helping us picture exactly what he looked like. William Robert Arnold from Yorkshire commented on his
financial status in 1911 by recording his infirmity as being ‘short of cash’.

Suffragette labels ‘voteless’ as her infirmity

The cause of the suffragettes is also illustrated within the new records, with some women listing their infirmities as not having the vote or not being enfranchised. For example, four women living in the same household recorded their infirmities as ‘voteless, therefore classed with idiots and children’.

Infirmities’ ‘None, thank God’
Some chose to make a note of their good health instead of the health problems the form enquired about, such as ‘well’, ‘healthy’, ‘sane’,'alright’ and even ‘perfect’. Evelyn Baker and her family from Leeds were recorded in the census by their father Addiman Parkin Barker as simply being ‘alive’. Seventy-two entries simply say ‘none, thank

10 unusual infirmities in the records:
Voteless, Greedy, Bald and toothless, Vain, Short of cash, Noisy,
Quarrelsome, Bad tempered, Stubborn and Long tongue

Connections between infirmity and profession
A correlation between infirmity and occupation can also be identified in some cases. The biggest source of employment for blind men and women was basket-weaving. Other trades for blind men were musicians or musical instrument makers. Women who were ‘deaf and dumb’ were often employed within the textile or garment trades, or in domestic service, while men were most likely to be labourers.

Debra Chatfield, family historian at, said:’ The infirmities column is the last piece of the jigsaw completing the 1911 census. This column alone provides a fascinating insight into life a hundred years ago. It not only reflects health conditions, but also a time before society became aware of political-correctness and certain
terminology was deemed acceptable. In the more unusual entries we also get a wonderful sense of post-Edwardian humour, society and family dynamics at this time.

‘Researching your family history is a fascinating way to learn about your ancestors. The 1911 census records include detail about occupations, housing arrangements and social status and you are also able to see a copy of the handwritten record itself.’

Audrey Collins, Family History records specialist at The National Archives, said: ‘The information in the ‘infirmities’ column being released today helps add an extra dimension to the picture of our ancestors’ lives in 1911.We have to remember that the census returns were completed by relatives living in the same house who for the most
part had no specialist medical knowledge. Their descriptions provide us with a clue as to how each individual was viewed by other family members, although many would have been reluctant to admit that their relatives suffered from any defect.’

Please note that neither I nor the JGSGB have any financial interest in Find My Past or the parent company Brightsolid.

Tony Benson – Blog Editor



ITS Bad Arolsen Holocaust Records now in the UK

Yesterday evening I had the great pleasure of being at an event to mark the handing over to the Wiener Library of a digital copy of the International Tracing Service (ITS) Records to the Wiener Library in London.

This is one of the most important developments in the field of Holocaust research in the UK, as it brings to the UK the records of 17 million people directly affected by the Holocaust.  The event took place at the Foreign Office in the Locarno Room, with the Foreign Secretary William Hague giving an address to the audience about the importance of the records and also about the importance of remembering the Holocaust and its long-term effect.  The records will not be available immediately, as they have to be set up on the Wiener Library IT system and also a Researcher has to work on them to develop the search process.   It is expected to take 3-4 months to have them ready. The initial funding for this work has been secured from the Heritage Lottery Fund but more funding is needed for ongoing running of the archive.

For those that are not aware of the ITS records, sometimes called the Bad Arolsen records after the location in Germany where they are kept, they are a collection of 30 million pages of information on the victims of Nazi persecution.  The records are not only about Jewish victims but also Gypsy victims, Forced Labour workers, Displaced People of many different nationalities and religions.  The records were brought together after World War II at the ex-concentration camp in Bad Arolsen by the Allied Forces.  They contain original documents from the Nazis about individuals that were deported to camps and ghettos, killed or put into forced labour.  Also they contain details of how the Nazis organised the processes and ran the camps.  There are also records taken after the war of displaced people and their stories.  As a tracing service, ITS was run to help people find out what had happened to relatives and to try and reconnect families that had been separated by the war.  These included the many children who had no knowledge of their families and who were called the “Unaccompanied Children” in the hope that one day company would be found for them.  For more information see the ITS website at  ITS became fully open to the public in 2007, which is when a committee was set up by Anne Webber of the Looted Art Commission to bring a digital copy of the archive to the UK.  The Stakeholder Committee, comprising many UK Holocaust bodies, the Association of Jewish Refugees, The Wiener Library, Holocaust Education bodies, academics and also JGSGB (represented by Jeanette Rosenberg), worked to ensure that the archive came to the UK.

The handover event included first hand accounts from Holocaust survivors about their experiences and also about how the ITS records had helped them discover the fate of their family.  Eugene Black from Leeds, told of seeing the records of his time in four camps for the first time in 2008 and also the papers about how his two sisters had died while in Forced Labour during an allied bombing raid.  His granddaughter spoke about how ITS was so important to the family to understand what had happened to the family.

The importance of these records for Holocaust Survivors, their children and other descendants cannot be underestimated nor can the significance for academic research of the Holocaust. It is also an enormous educational resource.  As it was said several times during the evening, the very existence of the millions of pages is testimony to the fact that the Holocaust happened.

So, finally the money question.  Are you, the reader of this blog, able to put your hand in your pocket to help sustain the ITS Records in the UK?

If you are, you should contact the Wiener Library directly at 29 Russell Square, London  WC1B 5DP. Tel: +44 (0) 20 7636 7247,  Fax: +44 (0) 20 7436 6428.  E-mail form:

Mark Nicholls

Chairman JGSGB


JCR-UK and Gibraltar Part Two

I live most of the time in Spain only thirty minutes by car from Gibraltar.  I discovered that Gibraltar is a territory of the United Kingdom and has been since the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.  Gibraltar passports and driving licenses have UK stamped across them and it is strange when one goes across the border to find traditional English policemen (albeit many with Spanish accents) and red buses.

It was with that thought that I decided to approach the Gibraltar Jewish Community to find out if they might be willing to allow their records to go online. An appointment was made with their archivist, Mesod Belilo, and with fear and trepidation I went to meet him expecting to be thrown out on my ear.  Far from it.  Mesod is a wonderful and knowledgeable man who was quite delighted at the idea that more Sephardim would be able to find ancestors amongst the couple of hundred thousand plus records held in the All-UK database ( and personally had great foresight to realise how invaluable the records would be to worldwide genealogists.  First though he had to persuade the Board of the Community.  After quite a number of visits I finally signed the agreement with them last week. 

JCR-UK has a new tab at the top, Gibraltar, to join England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, the Channel Island and the Isle of Man.  The four synagogues which opened in the 18th and 19th centuries and which are still active are represented on the site with photographs. 

There are photographs of a few graves of the Jewish evacuees who died whilst in Northern Ireland during Word War II.  The non combatant inhabitants of Gibraltar, some 10,000 to 11,000 , were first evacuated to Morocco but were shortly thereafter sent back and then went to England and from there some to Northern Ireland and a few others to Jamaica.

The first tranche of vital records are in the All-UK database and will be joined by many more once they have been transcribed.

I do hope that there are many of you who will look at the Gibraltar web pages and search for records amongst the Gibraltar population of a couple of centuries ago.

Louise Messik

JCR-UK and Gibraltar Part One

I have been extremely busy over the past few weeks doing things to improve the look and feel of our sister site Jewish Communities and Research – United Kingdom (JCR-UK), and negotiating with the Gibraltar Jewish Community for the inclusion of their vital records.

Firstly JCR-UK’s new look. The main site had not been radically redesigned since its inception over ten years ago and was looking old fashioned and terribly bitty without a theme continuing through all pages.  Having designed a main and subsidiary template, with new font and colour, I set about putting all the old pages onto it.  I had not realised what a deep and fascinating website JCR-UK is until I started.  Although I knew the idea was to cover every congregation and community in the United Kingdom (including Southern Ireland, now the Republic of Ireland), the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, I had not realised how extensive that coverage was.  There are approximately 5,000 pages as part of the site and that doesn’t include vital records which are found at

JCR-UK’s webmaster, David Shulman, has done a wonderful job since he took over some seven or eight years ago.  He has written pages on the Jews of England Pre 1290, updated most of the congregational pages with more information and just yesterday included a list of synagogues that were destroyed or partial destroyed by German bombs in WWII.  He must be congratulated on a superb job well done.

I hope you will be pleased with the new look of the website and will be able to surf around it more easily.

Louise Messik

How to prove a fallen soldier is Jewish

The JGSGB receives many requests for assistance. Some are made directly to the Society and many more are made through JGSGB Discuss which is a members only discussion group.

The JGSGB was recently approached by the Archivist of the AJEX Museum. For those that don’t know, AJEX stands for Association of Jewish Ex Servicemen. He has had a continual struggle on behalf of AJEX trying to persuade the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) to change war grave headstones with crosses, to Stars of David.

Recently he had a blow delivered regarding a number of soldiers, who it is known are Jewish from Jewish Chronicle insertions, but have been refused by the CWGC under the heading of “insufficient evidence” - even though many similar cases have been accepted by them in the past.

So if anyone out there I able to look into these cases to find more evidence such as parents’ marriage certificates, their army records at TNA if they survive, or even if they are related to them and can prove Jewish descent, etc., it would be very much appreciated. If you are able to help, please reply through the blog in the first instance.

1. 13052 Pte H. or Zeph Orman / aka Normand – 4th Middx. – kia 14/10/14 son of Simon Orman, Cross Keys Monmouthshire.

2. 7449 Pte Maxwell or I. Solomon 1st Scots Guards kia 14/9/14, from Upper Accomodation Rd, Leeds – JC 9/10/14 p.15 – former police officer in Bradford

3. 8068 Sgt W V Mackowsty, 2nd Staffs – kia 22/7/18 – JC 18/9/14 listed as Mackowsky, William Charles –  won DCM 1/1/17 – London Gazette 12/2/17

4. 352158 Pte S. Swedloff, 7th London – kia 24/2/17 – from Greenfield St Stepney – son of Abraham from Russia and in Norwood Jewish Orphanage as  Samuel Swedloff 1911 aged 13

5. 9389  Sgt W Mack, 2nd Seaforths kia 30/5/17 – JC 29/6/17 p. 14 – aka KURTZMAN – son of Barnett Morris and Esther nee Sender.

6.  2nd Lt Hubert ‘Bert’  P Solomon  RFC, kia 20/10/17 – family in Australia and mentioned in Australian/NZ Jewish Book of Honour p 88.

7. 38421 Pte Jack ‘Isaac’ Coster   2/8 Worc reg – kia 2/10/18 – JC18/10/18 p 2  has his death as son of Esther and the late Benjamin , 22, Eckstein Rd Clapham.

8. 359486 Pte Abraham Bernstein  2/10 Liverpool Reg – kia 10/5/17 son of Barnett Bernstein, 19 Clarence St, Mount Plessant, Liverpool, 8 – JC 25/5/17

9. 491966 Pte  Emmanuel  Isaacs, 2/13 London – kia 25/5/17 – JC 8/6/17 – buried Salonika -  son of E Isaacs, 91 Lordship Park, London N

10 .  20670  Cpl G Nossek aka Norris , 2nd Royal Scots – kia 23/7/16 – son of Israel and Leah – - JC 25/8/16 p. 2

Tony Benson – Blog Editor